India’s presidential election: President Ram Nath Kavand’s five-year term ends in July. The Election Commission has announced the date of the presidential election on Thursday afternoon. The Election Commission said that the presidential election will be held on July 18. The notification will be issued on June 15. The commission added that nomination papers would be submitted by June 29. The election results will be released on July 21. Importantly, the term of the current President Ram Nath Kavand expires on July 24. Let’s take a look at the math behind the Indian presidential election and understand why the power of the legislature matters.
This is an election process.
The President of India is elected by a single transfer vote through a system of proportional representation under Article 55. The President is elected by the elected members of both the Houses of Parliament of India (Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha) as well as the State Assemblies for a term of five years. The Electoral College voting for the President consists of all elected members of both Houses of Parliament, elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of 28 States and elected members of the Legislative Assemblies of the Centrally Administered Territories of New Delhi, Puducherry and Jammu. ۔ By 2021, the Electoral College has 776 MPs (543 members of the Lok Sabha and 233 members of the Rajya Sabha) and 4,120 members of the state legislature. Nominated members do not vote in presidential elections.
The importance of the electoral vote
The president is elected by an electoral college, each member of which has a special value of votes. Whoever wins has to get more than the quota of votes which is determined by the total value of votes of each candidate. Despite population fluctuations over the decades, electoral votes are more important in large states like Uttar Pradesh, Maharashtra or Madhya Pradesh and the majority party in those states can influence elections. Since the last presidential election in 2017, the BJP and its allies have lost major states like Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Rajasthan, but the BJP has retained Madhya Pradesh and Karnataka.
The winner was decided by quota.
The winner of the presidential election is determined by a set quota. The candidate who casts more votes than this quota is declared the winner. Quotas are decided by calculating the total value of votes cast by each candidate, dividing the total number of valid votes by 2 and adding one.
The situation was similar in the last election.
The total number of votes cast in the 2017 elections was 1,069,358. As a result, the winner’s quota was calculated at 534,680. NDA candidate Ram Nath Kavand got 702,044 electoral votes and became the President. Opposition candidate Meira Kumar got only 367,314 votes. Despite the BJP’s defeat in some states this time, a narrow majority in Uttar Pradesh and divisions with allies like Shiv Sena and Akali Dal, the party is still in a better position to win elections.
Cost of MLA vote
An MLA’s formula for determining the value of a vote is based on the average constituency size (determined by the 1971 census) in his or her state or union territory, and divides that figure by 1,000. Has been The cost of the vote is based on the 1971 population rather than the current population to encourage family planning programs in the state. This provision was enacted by the 42nd Amendment and the 84th Amendment encouraged states to reduce their population growth in order to protect their electoral influence.
Know the value of the vote in the states.
In Uttar Pradesh, the value of votes for each MLA is 208 while the value of votes for the entire state (all 403 MLAs) is 83,824. In Maharashtra, the vote value of each MLA (total votes cost 50,400) is 175. West Bengal, despite its relatively small size, orders a price of 44,394 votes based on population size, with each legislator weighing 151.
The total value of votes of all MLAs in the state assemblies is 549,495.
The value of an MP’s vote is calculated by dividing the total value of the votes of all MLAs by the number of members of Parliament.
Total Members of Parliament (Elected) = Lok Sabha (543) + Rajya Sabha (233) = 776
Round off at the cost of each vote = 549,495 / 776 = 708.11, 708
This brings the total value of parliamentary votes (776 × 708) to 549,408.
It is noteworthy that Jammu and Kashmir does not yet have a Legislative Assembly and according to a May PTI report, the value of each vote of a Member of the Assembly may be reduced to 700 instead of the usual 708. Finally, the total number of voters is 4,896 and the total value of votes in the presidential election is 1,098,903.