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According to a study published in The Lancet Planetary Health Journal, more than 23.5 million people died in India in 2019 due to pollution. All deaths are premature. This number is the highest in any country in the world. The study claims that “pollution of all kinds causes about 9 million deaths a year in the world.” Deaths from air pollution caused by automobile and industrial fumes have increased by 55%. Worldwide pollution kills an average of 117 people per 100,000.

According to the study, of these 2.3 million deaths, about 16.7 million deaths are due to air pollution and more than 500,000 deaths are due to water pollution. People have also died due to other pollution. Most deaths due to air pollution in India are related to air pollution caused by PM2.5 particles.

How is the situation in the United States?

The United States is the only country in the top 10 in terms of pollution-related deaths that is completely dependent on industry. It ranks 7th in the world in 2019 with 1,42,883 deaths due to pollution. The United States ranks 31st in terms of per capita mortality. The death toll from pollution is 43.6 per 1,000,000 population.

The situation in other countries

Pollution killed 1.8 million people in China in 2015. In 2019, it increased to 21.7 million. Brunei, Qatar and Iceland have the lowest death rates due to pollution, ranging from 15 to 23. Worldwide pollution kills 117 people per 100,000. This report is a relief for India. The number of deaths in 2019 has decreased compared to 2015. There were 2.5 million deaths in 2015 and 23.5 million deaths in 2019.

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