New Delhi – Like pneumococcal pneumonia, many other diseases caused by viruses and bacteria can be prevented with a single vaccine. One such disease is meningococcal meningitis. Due to this the death rate is very high. Meningococcal meningitis mainly affects young children and can cause severe brain damage if left untreated.
In fact, there are many diseases in the world besides corona that are highly contagious and deadly. Meningococcal meningitis is a contagious but rare disease. Like the coronavirus, it is spread from person to person through microscopic airborne droplets during the coughing or sneezing of an infected patient. Experts say that meningococcal infection is caused by a bacterium called Neisseria meningitidis. Its transmission is similar to that of the corona virus, meaning that many have meningococcal bacteria in their bodies and they do not get sick, but they can infect others.
Often, patients die within 24 to 48 hours of the onset of symptoms. Even 1 in 5 survivors may experience lifelong complications, such as hearing loss, brain damage, mental disability or limb damage. Although meningococcal disease can infect any person of any age, it is most common in children under five, immunocompromised, adolescents, and young adults. There have been major improvements in the prevention of this disease. One preventative measure is a vaccine that can save lives and reduce complications. Also, children’s hygiene and social distance from infected people are essential for prevention.